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Grade 1 Parent Curriculum Guide


Your child will:

  • Develop and answer questions about key ideas and details in a text
  • Identify a main topic or central idea in a text with guidance and support; retell important details
  • Describe characters, settings, and important events in a story or pieces of information in a text
  • Identify specific words and phrases that express feeling, appeal to the senses, or content-specific words within a text
  • Identify a variety of genres and explain major differences between literary texts and informational texts
  • Describe how illustrations and details support the point of view or purpose of the text
  • Use illustrations and details in literary and informational texts to discuss story elements and/or topics
  • Identify specific information an author or illustrator gives that supports ideas in a text
  • Compare and contrast two texts; recognize that texts reflect one’s own and others’ culture


With guidance and support, your child will:

  • Produce writing in which the development and organization is appropriate to task and purpose
    • Opinion text:
      • Write an introduction that names the topic
      • Write an opinion
      • Write one or more reasons for the opinion
      • Write a conclusion
    • Informative text:
      • Write an introduction that names the topic
      • Write facts/steps about the topic
      • Write a conclusion
    • Narrative (events real or imagined)
      • Write a lead
      • Write details about what happened
      • Write events in order
      • Use sequence words
      • Write a conclusion

Foundational Skills

  • Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print
    • Recognize the distinguishing features of a sentence (e.g., first word, capitalization, ending punctuation)
  • Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes) 
    • Distinguish long from short vowel sounds in spoken single-syllable words
    • Orally produce single-syllable words by blending sounds (phonemes), including consonant blends
    • Isolate and pronounce initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in spoken single-syllable words
    • Segment spoken single-syllable words into their complete sequence of individual sounds (phonemes)
    • Add, delete, or substitute individual sounds (phonemes) in simple one-syllable words to make new words
  • Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words
    • Know the spelling-sound correspondences for common consonant digraphs
    • Decode and encode regularly spelled one-syllable words (e.g., cat, fox, bet, cup, fit, etc.)
    • Know final -e and common vowel team conventions for representing long vowel sounds (Examples include but are not limited to: ai, ay, oa, ea, ee, ie, ue, ow) 
    • Use knowledge that every syllable must have a vowel sound to determine the number of syllables in a printed word 
    • Decode two-syllable words following basic (known) patterns by breaking the words into syllables 
    • Read words with inflectional endings (i.e., -s, -ed, -ing)
    • Recognize and read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled words
  • Read emergent-reader texts with purpose, understanding, and sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension
    • Read grade-level text with purpose and understanding
    • Read grade-level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings
    • Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary

Speaking and listening

Your child will:

  • Participate in collaborative conversations with peers and adults in small and large groups
    • Actively listen, take turns, and stay on topic
    • Build on others’ talk in conversations by responding to the comments of others through multiple exchanges
    • Ask questions to clear up any confusion about the topics and texts under discussion
    • Consider individual differences when communicating with others


Your child will:

  • Mentally find 10 more and 10 less
  • Measure lengths indirectly and compare lengths of two objects
  • Mentally add numbers up to 10
  • Mentally subtract numbers up to 10
  • Demonstrate the use of addition strategies to 20
  • Demonstrate the use of subtraction strategies to 20
  • Solve addition number stories
  • Solve subtraction number stories
  • Add 3 whole numbers whose sum is less than or equal to 20
  • Read, write, and compare numbers to 120 to using symbols (<, >,=)
  • Count on from a give number up to 120
  • Understand the place value of tens and ones
  • Tell and demonstrate time to the hour and half hour
  • Reason with attributes and shapes
  • Represent and interpret data from graphs 
  • Explain mathematical reasoning in a variety of ways using math vocabulary


Your child will engage in science and engineering practices to explore:

  • sky patterns
  • plant and animal parts
  • light and sound

Social studies

Focus: Neighbors, communities

Your child will:

  • Identify why individuals live in groups
  • Identify reasons for conflict within a group, neighborhood or community and demonstrate ways to handle conflict situations
  • Recognize that communities help people meet their basic needs
  • Identify community workers and their jobs
  • Explain that people work to satisfy their needs and wants
  • Identify how actions of individuals and groups shape laws and rules
  • Apply map and globe skills
  • Use reference tools to explore social studies concepts


Through drawing, painting, sculpture and printmaking, your child will:

  • Identify and begin using the art elements in their projects
  • Be introduced to a variety of artists, art styles, and art movements throughout history
  • Begin to understand that art is created by all cultures
  • Create art that expresses their feelings and communicates their personal ideas
  • Develop basic skills and techniques necessary to produce projects
  • Explore a variety of media
  • Be introduced to art vocabulary and demonstrate their understanding of it

Fitness education

Your child will:

  • Understand  and apply the components of health related fitness to achieve and maintain a healthy lifestyle
  • Develop and maintain appropriate levels of skill related fitness
  • Develop understandings so that they can adopt healthy and physically active lifestyles
  • Develop positive attitudes about physical activity so that they engage in healthy and physically active lifestyles


Your child will:

  • Sing, alone and with others, a varied repertoire of music
  • Play, alone and with others, a varied repertoire of music
  • Read and notate music
  • Listen, analyze, describe and evaluate music

Classroom guidance

Students participate in classroom guidance activities facilitated by a school counselor.  Each school provides a developmental guidance curriculum that encompasses dealing with feelings, peer relationships, decision making, protective behaviors and careers.  Skills taught will assist each child in his or her academic, emotional and social development.  This, in turn, will help ensure success in school, at home and in the community.

Social and emotional learning

  • Growth mindset & goal-setting – students learn how to develop a growth mindset and apply research-based goal-setting strategies to their social and academic lives
    • This unit’s content helps create classrooms that are connected and encouraging by helping students set and achieve collective and personal goals and learn from challenges and mistakes
  • Emotion management – students learn how to build their emotion vocabularies, practice identifying their own and others’ emotions, and recognize the importance of labeling and processing their emotions
    • This unit’s content helps students understand and explore how past experiences as well as unique perspectives influence how they feel and respond to situations
  • Empathy & kindness – students learn how to recognize kindness and act kindly toward others, and how to develop empathy by learning strategies to take others’ perspectives
    • This unit’s content helps students understand others’ points of view
  • Problem-solving – students learn how to process strong emotions, describe a problem, identify the wants and needs of others, think of and explore the outcomes of potential solutions, and pick the best solution
    • This unit’s content helps students ask, listen, and empathize with all parties involved during problem-solving