Hamilton selects Gumm as football coach

JustinGummWebJustin Gumm was named head coach of the Hamilton High School Chargers football team. Gumm, a 2009 graduate of Culver-Stockton College in Canton, Mo., is the physical education and strength-conditioning teacher and assistant head football coach at Grafton High School. Beginning in August, he will be a part-time physical education and health teacher at Hamilton in addition to his coaching responsibilities.

Gumm has 10 years of experience coaching or teaching at high schools in Missouri, Illinois and Wisconsin. Before joining Grafton High School, he had been head football coach for three years at Kettle Moraine High School where he became the highest winning-percentage football coach in the school’s history and ended a nine-year play-off drought with back-to-back postseason appearances in 2017 and 2018.

Hamilton Athletic-Activities Director Michael Gosz said Gumm stood out from a strong pool of candidates.

“In addition to being highly recommended from people in the football community, Justin had a detailed plan and proven ability to develop relationships with student-athletes and community members,” Gosz said.

“We are fortunate and excited to have someone with Coach Gumm’s track record lead our football program,” he said.

January 20, 2020

New IT manager delivers first update

District Information Technology Manager Ryan Miller presented his first report on recently completed information technology updates, upgrades and implementation. Focus of IT staff has included:

  • surveying district network equipment and topology;
  • replacement of fiber network;
  • replacement and upgrade of legacy storage and server environment;
  • development of an equitable elementary technology plan; and
  • exploration of move from Microsoft Exchange staff email to G Suite for Education.

Plans are to:

  • develop a comprehensive equipment rotation plan;
  • collaborate with leadership to develop a technology plan;
  • analyze print environment to explore cost-savings;
  • review IT staff roles and responsibilities; and
  • explore further streamlining of services and response time with additional staff.

2020-21 calendar approved

School Board members approved the 2020-21 school calendar. Among the significant changes are:

  • Student start date for grades 5K-12 will be before Labor Day due to how late the holiday falls in 2020.
  • Spring Break will be during the week of Good Friday and continue through the Tuesday after Easter for students. Staff will have a professional development day on April 6. In the future the district will return to scheduling spring break during the last full week in March.

Private school transportation costs top $200,000

As in the past, the district provided transportation or a parent contract for families whose children attend private school. This year, 137 students were transported directly to St. John’s Lutheran School in Lannon and St. Dominic’s Catholic School in Brookfield at a cost of about $80,000 to the district. Families who send their children to other eligible private schools in a 5-8 mile radius of the district are issued parent contracts, and they transport their children themselves. The cost for these parent contracts was $120,062 for 253 full contracts and one half contract. Contracts are issued per student, not per family.

Personnel action taken

In personnel business, the School Board:

  • approved the resignations of high school special services paraprofessional Adriane Sendzik effective Jan. 23, Templeton special services paraprofessional Anna Marie Zorn effective Jan. 30, district administrative assistant Jamie McMillan effective Feb. 14, Silver Spring special services paraprofessional Nicole Winkelmann effective Jan. 23, Woodside grade 5 teacher Megan Owens effective at the end of the school year and high school guidance administrative assistant Kristine Gostomski effective Feb. 13;
  • accepted the retirement request of high school social studies teacher David Hartman, effective at the end of the school year; and
  • appointed Tami Smulders as Templeton associate kitchen employee effective Jan. 9, Sean O’Dwyer as Marcy part-time custodian effective Jan. 6 and Justin Gumm as part-time high school fitness education teacher effective Aug. 19.

Spring, fall teams recognized

Teams that were conference champs or competed at state were recognized. School Board President Gabe Kolesari and Superintendent Paul Mielke, Ph.D., presented each team with a certificate. Not all athletes were able to attend the meeting, but those recognized were:

BaseballWeb

Varsity Baseball – Coach Mike Schramek, team state qualifier

BoysTrack

Boys  Track – Coach Ben Nysse, individual state qualifiers Adam Jeter, Brenden Ban and Gavin Kuhlenbeck
Girls Track – Coach Ben Nysse, individual state qualifiers Alexis Zuehlke, Jessica Heckman and Morgan DeHarde

BoysGolf

Boys Golf – Coach Dan Heckman, team sectional qualifier

Tennis

Boys & Girls Tennis – Coach Alan Schneider, individual sectional qualifiers Calvin Moore and Cynthia Yan

BoysXCountry

Boys Cross Country – Coaches Stephen Schmidt and Ben Nysse, team state qualifier
Girls Cross Country – Coach Ben Nysse, individual state qualifier Brooke Price

Volleyball

Girls Volleyball – Coach Traci Buhr, team sectional qualifier

Hamilton, Templeton course catalogs approved

The School Board approved the middle school and high school course catalogs. Many revisions reflected course name changes and updated curriculum.

The high school added the statement: “Courses dropped after the first week of the semester will result in a failing grade on the transcript.”

High school classes that were added were “Digital Electronics and Automation,” “Symphonic Band,” “Wind Symphony,” “Basic-Intermediate Music Theory” and “Advanced Placement Music Theory.”

No space to take Open Enrollment students

School administrators calculated that the district will not have enough classroom space to take additional Open Enrollment students for the 2020-21 school year due to projected resident enrollment and space available for special education open enrollment. Open Enrollment is a statewide program that allows students to attend public schools outside of their districts if space is available.

Hamilton drama to present “A Midsummer Night’s Dream”

Hamilton High School Drama Society invites the community to an ambitious version of William Shakespeare’s “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” Feb. 7-9 in the Hamilton Fine Arts Center (HFAC). Shows begin at 7 p.m. Friday and Saturday, and at 2 p.m. for the Sunday performance.MidSummerGraphic

Shakespeare’s most famous comedy, adapted by Carmen-maria Mandley, is re-imagined in a future where the world as we know it is gone, destroyed by technology and a clan of mortals remain.

Theseus, their ruler, plans to marry Hippolyta but as they prepare to wed, Egeus and his wife arrive with their daughter, Hermia, and insist that she marry Demetrius. Instead, she runs away with her love, Lysander. Demetrius chases after her with the help of her friend Helena, who loves Demetrius. Meanwhile, lower class workers prepare to present the play of “Pyramus and Thisbe” at the royal wedding. Fairies have survived on Earth and their king and queen, Oberon and Titania, argue, and an angry Oberon sends his servant Puck to find a magical flower to use on Titania to make her fall in love with the first thing she sees. However, mayhem and merriment ensue when she awakens to see a donkey, and Lysander, who has also received the magic juice, awakens and sees Helena.

Happily, order is (eventually) restored, all fall in love with the proper people, and three marriages take place, to the blessings of the fairies and the entertainment of the audience.

General seating tickets are $8 for adults, $5 for students and senior citizens. Tickets may be purchased 30 minutes before the show at the HFAC Box Office, Office C in the high school or online at www.HamiltonFineArtsCenter.com.

The Hamilton Fine Arts Center is located at W220 N6151 Town Line Rd., Sussex.

Dec. 16, 2019 School Board Highlights

Key dates announced for 2020-21 calendar

A few dates in the 2020-21 calendar have still to be ironed out, but in the interest of letting families and staff know key dates for advanced planning, the School Board accepted the administration’s recommendation to hold:

  • The first day of school will be Sept. 1 for grades 7-12, Sept. 3 for grades 5K-6 and Sept. 8 for 4K. The dates are staggered because Great Start conferences are held on the first few days of school for students in grades 4K – 6.
  • Winter break for students will be Dec. 23 – Jan. 1.
  • Spring break for students will be March 29-April 6.

School Spotlight on Templeton Marble Slide project

Templeton Middle School Principal Brad Hoffmann presented to School Board members about an applied engineering and technology project for eighth-graders. He showed a video that highlighted the project with students providing explanations on how it worked and an exciting ending for the class.

Last meeting for business assistant superintendent

Ruud-Last-MeetingSchool Board President Gabe Kolesari presented Assistant Superintendent for Business Services Bryan Ruud with a parting gift of an engraved clock in appreciation for his 27 years of service to the district. Ruud’s last day will be Jan. 3.

AET classes renamed for clarity

A few applied engineering and technology courses will be renamed for the 2020-21 school year to clarify content and sequencing.

  • “Introduction to Construction Technology” will be called “Architecture and Building Construction 1.”
  • “Introduction to Manufacturing” will be “Introduction to Machining and Automation.”
  • “Fabrication Design and Productivity” will be “”Welding Fabrication 1.”
  • “Applied Energy and Fabrication” will be “Welding Fabrication 2.”

Other content adjustments will be presented to the School Board in spring.

Hasbrook presents annual AODA update

Student Assistance Program and AODA Coordinator Kristin Hasbrook presented an annual report to School Board members about efforts to keep students from getting involved in alcohol and other drugs.

Providing initial screening and AODA referral services, helping families find appropriate community services and conducting school-specific services comprised 2018-19 activities. She presented on depression and trained students to be peer leaders.

At the high school, in addition to individual AODA support for students, Hasbrook facilitated separate girls and boys support groups to teach positive coping skills to students struggling with challenges. She coordinated staff training of the Question-Persuade-Respond (QPR) model to deal with depression, grief and suicide. She also received a grant to create the RISE Club for students to learn about mindfulness and stress relief.

She provided a lesson on depression to Templeton Middle School seventh-graders in conjunction with peer leaders. She also met with students who had alcohol or other drugs.

Districtwide activities involved coordination of the parent network Hamilton Connects, earning a license to teach Youth Mental Health First Aid (YMHFA) training, establishing a resource network for parents and training parents in the Love and Logic program. She also continued to engage with REDgen, an organization that offers training and support to help reduce student suicide and mental health issues.

2020-21 plans are to:

  • continue involvement in QPR training students on depression, grief and suicide;
  • create mental health education programming and support for parents;
  • provide parent education to reduce drug and alcohol use through individual meetings, outside resources and Hamilton Connects;
  • seek additional funding for Hamilton Connects;
  • support Hamilton and Templeton students on a regular basis;
  • work with community participants on the Wellness Resource Network;
  • train staff and community members on YMHFA; and
  • participate in Out of Darkness Campus Walk.

School budget parameters set for 2020-21

Parameters for development of the 2020-21 budget will maintain existing general school and capital outlay allocations per student and increase library allocations by $2 per student. Total per pupil allocations will be $161 for grades 4k-4, $181 for grades 5-6, $193 for grades 7-8, and $228 for grades 9-12.

Personnel matters

In personnel business, the School Board:

  • accepted the retirement request of Instructional Services Supervisor Katherine Little, Ph.D., effective June 30;
  • approved the resignations of Marcy part-time custodian Nicholas Foti, effective Dec. 16, Hamilton associate kitchen employee Marianne Selkey and Templeton associate kitchen employee Lisette Martin, both effective Dec. 20; and
  • appointed Lauren Vogt as Woodside instructional and supervision paraprofessional, effective Dec. 2, Amy Durham as Marcy replacement literacy interventionist, effective Jan. 2, Marianne Selkey as Hamilton custodian, effective Dec. 23, and Jessica Schlise as Maple Avenue special services paraprofessional, effective Dec. 18.

Hamilton offers Youth Mental Health First Aid training

As part of an initiative to increase mental health literacy, the Hamilton School District will host an 8-hour course giving people tools to identify when someone might be struggling with mental health or substance abuse issues. The Mental Health First Aid workshop will be held from 8 a.m. – 4:30 p.m. Feb. 8 in Hamilton’s Large Group Area. Cost is $60 for the training which includes a $20 resource guide. An optional lunch is offered for an additional $10.YMHFA

Participants will learn skills to reach out and provide initial support to someone with mental health or substance abuse problems and help connect them to the appropriate care.

The workshop is presented by Mental Health First Aid USA and is offered to any community members who work with youth. A maximum of 30 people will be accepted.

One in five Americans has a mental illness, but many are reluctant to seek help or might not know where to turn for care. Unlike physical conditions, symptoms of mental health and substance use problems can be difficult to detect. For friends and family members, it can be hard to know when and how to step in. As a result, those in need of mental health services often do not get them until it is too late.

Just as CPR helps those without clinical training attend to an individual having a heart attack, Mental Health First Aid prepares participants to interact with a person experiencing a mental health crisis. Mental Health First Aiders learn a 5-step action plan that guides them through the process of reaching out and offering appropriate support. More than 1 million people across the country have been trained in Mental Health First Aid.

More information on Mental Health First Aid training is available on Eventbrite at and on this flyer.

The Large Group Area is on the northwest side of Hamilton School, W220N6151 Town Line Road, Sussex.

Hamilton Future Educators Club offers scholarships

Hamilton High School’s Future Educators Club is offering two $500 scholarships to qualified students currently enrolled in teacher education programs. Future-Educators-Club

To be eligible, students must:

  • be a Hamilton graduate currently enrolled in a teacher education program;
  • complete one semester of student-teaching during the 2019-20 school year; and
  • submit a completed application form, college transcript, letter of recommendation and a personal essay by March 31, 2020

Applicants will be judged based on the information provided in the application, transcript, letter of recommendation and personal essay. More details about the scholarship and application form are on the Hamilton School District website.

Future Educators Club was established in 2017 for Hamilton students interested in pursuing a career in education. Club members attend monthly meetings where they hear from professional educators on topics ranging from school selection, college coursework, clinical experiences, employment outlook and challenges of the profession. Club advisors are Hamilton High School teachers Penny Komatz and Lauren Rogahn.

Hamilton students head to national drama competition

Two Hamilton High School students will advance to national competition after qualifying at the Wisconsin High School Theatre Festival. Both students qualified based on their musical theater solos. Junior Maggie Flynn performed “Life I Never Led” from “Sister Act,” and sophomore Nick Mitchell performed “Mr. Cellophane” from “Chicago.”

National competition will be in June.

In addition, the school’s one-act play, “I Never Saw Another Butterfly” earned an All-State Award. Outstanding actor awards went to Maggie Flynn for her role as Raja and Hayden Hotchkiss, junior, for his role as Honza. The play is about young people who were incarcerated in the Terezin concentration camp.Butterflies-One-Act-Play-Web

Community members are invited to a free performance of the one-act play Dec. 3 beginning at 6:30 p.m. in the Hamilton Fine Arts Center, W220N6151 Town Line Road, Sussex. Following the performance, Eva Zaret, a holocaust survivor, will speak about her real-life experiences as a child in the Budapest Ghetto.

Sarah Plamann, a district music teacher, is the Hamilton drama director.

Marcy to celebrate Blue Ribbon week Dec. 2-6

Marcy Elementary School has a week’s worth of activities to celebrate being named a Blue Ribbon school. The school learned in September that it was one of select schools in the nation recognized as a National Blue Ribbon School for 2019. Marcy Principal Michele Trawicki, First Grade Teacher Kim Zabel and Instructional Services Supervisor Katie Little traveled Nov. 14-15 to Washington D.C. to receive the award.Marcy-Blue-Ribbon-School-Award-Ceremony-in-WashDCWeb

Less than one-half of one percent of schools nationwide receive the award, which is given in recognition of the school’s overall academic performance or progress in closing achievement gaps among student subgroups.

In addition to raffle prizes and school announcements throughout the week, the celebration includes:

  • 2 – 5-minutes dance party at 3:30 p.m.
  • 3 – Everyone wears blue, popcorn treats delivered to classrooms, all school assembly at 1:30 p.m. with secret guest
  • 4 – Chair massages for staff, Blue Ribbon award and flag along with the school’s stuffed mascot Marcy the Eagle will travel to each classroom and photos will be taken
  • 5 – Principal Trawicki will deliver Blue Ribbon pencils to each student and a special gift for each classroom, pizza lunch for staff
  • 6 – Jar of blue jelly beans will travel to each classroom so that students can submit quantity guesses and potentially win the whole jar, students will get an extra afternoon recess.

Marcy is located at W180N4851 Marcy Road, Menomonee Falls.

Hamilton schools get highest rating on 2019 Wisconsin School Report Card

For the first time in Hamilton School District history, all eligible schools received the highest 5-star “significantly exceeds expectations” designation on the 2019 Wisconsin School Report Card.Report-card-icon

What is not a first? The district as a whole earning the top rating. In fact, Hamilton has significantly exceeded expectations all six years Wisconsin School Report Cards have been produced. This year, Hamilton was the 10th highest rated district among Wisconsin’s 367 K-12 school districts and third highest in Waukesha County.

School Report Cards are based on four priority areas: student achievement in English language arts and mathematics; student growth; closing gaps between student populations; and measures of readiness for graduation and postsecondary success. In addition, they measure chronic absenteeism and dropout rates. Using all these measures, Hamilton was one of only 25 K-12 districts to earn the top designation of “significantly exceeds” expectations for performance.

Hamilton’s student achievement scores were in the top 1-2% in the state. Among the 367 Wisconsin K-12 school districts, Hamilton had the:

  • second highest student achievement score;
  • third highest mathematics score;
  • third highest postsecondary readiness score; and
  • fifth highest reading and language arts results.

In addition to the district earning the highest designation possible, Lannon, Maple Avenue, Marcy and Woodside elementary schools, Templeton Middle School and Hamilton High School also earned “significantly exceeds expectations” at the school level. Hamilton High School’s achievement scores increased in every category and it earned the highest rating and its highest overall accountability score ever.

“This is a true accomplishment for our district,” said Hamilton Superintendent Paul Mielke, Ph.D. “This report is an important measure that reflects the performance of our schools and the district. Using the data from this report, we see our successes and know where to focus attention for future success.”

“The results we have attained are due to the hard work of students and staff who put a priority on learning, as well as the support and high expectations of our parents and community,” Mielke said.

Wisconsin implemented a new educational accountability system seven years ago with more rigorous benchmarks and a new way to report school progress. Each public school now has a School Report Card that lets people know how well it is preparing students for their futures. Because of strategic planning efforts and a track record of focusing on student achievement, schools in the Hamilton School District earned positive ratings under the new system.

The overall accountability score rates schools on a scale of 0 to 100 and places them in one of five categories: significantly exceeds expectations (83-100), exceeds expectations (73-82.9), meets expectations (63-72.9), meets few expectations (53-62.9) and fails to meet expectations (52.9 and below).

Hamilton School District 2018-19 School Report Card data

School Overall score Student achievement Reading/lng arts

achievement

Math achievement Overall

rating

Lannon 84.2 94.7 44.7 50.0 Signif. exceeds
Maple Ave. 86.0 95.6 45.6 50.0 Signif. exceeds
Marcy 93.6 99.6 49.6 50.0 Signif. exceeds
Woodside 89.1 94.8 45.0 49.8 Signif. exceeds
Templeton 85.3 87.7 44.8 42.6 Signif. exceeds
Hamilton High 83.5 85.3 42.8 42.5 Signif. exceeds
District 86.4 90.8 44.8 46.0 Signif. exceeds

Among Waukesha County’s 10 K-12 school districts, Hamilton was:

  • third for the overall accountability score;
  • first for overall student achievement;
  • first for reading and language arts achievement; and
  • second for mathematics achievement.

Nov. 18, 2019 School Board Highlights

Hamilton’s overall achievement higher, but gaps exist

Achievement discrepancy between majority and minority students, students of low economic status, special education and English learners exists in education. While the Hamilton School District sees this to a lesser extent than state and national averages, gaps among the various student groups exist.School-Board-Highlights

Human Resources Director John Roubik and Instructional Services Supervisor Katherine Little, Ph.D. presented district data and initiatives concerning “Closing the Achievement Gap.” Hamilton students in disaggregated groups outperform their state counterparts on the Forward Exam.

Key findings of the report are:

  • Hamilton’s closing-gaps score on the 2018-19 State Report Card is 8.4 points higher than the state average for 2018-19.
  • All district student groups score higher on state and local assessments than the state average. The English language arts achievement gap of Hamilton’s socioeconomically disadvantaged, special education and English learner populations and their majority counterparts are greater than the state average. The mathematics achievement gap between special education and English learner students and their majority counterparts is greater than the state average. These larger discrepancies may be attributed to the high achievement levels of the district’s comparison groups. However, work is being done with individual students to increase the overall achievement for these populations.
  • When compared to the state, all Hamilton student groups had higher ACT composite scores. In all instances, achievement discrepancies are seen between the majority and their counterparts.
  • Black, special education and English learner students are underrepresented or not represented in Advanced Placement course testing data.

The district supports high quality instruction and assessment practices to ensure the success of all students including the following:

  • Title I services are allocated for direct instruction at targeted schools.
  • School site plans include articulated action steps using building-level student data to differentiate instruction and to inform intervention use for students with larger gaps.
  • A Response to Intervention model is in place across the district. Interventions are matched with student needs to ensure greatest academic gains.
  • A team of district interventionists meets regularly to discuss the effectiveness of current interventions and to expand the district’s menu of intervention options.
  • Training for effective use of the Comprehensive Intention Model, strategy-based interventions for reading and writing continues this year. The focus is on the Interactive Writing and Writing Aloud components of the intervention.
  • EduClimber, the district’s data visualization and progress monitoring tool is used more extensively across the district. This fall all teachers were trained in data wall creation to view student achievement trends for classrooms and individual students.
  • Additional intervention programming is offered at each school to meet students’ needs. The following are examples. The listing is not exhaustive:
    • Hamilton High School
      • Advisement curriculum (ACT test prep, financial literacy, college and career readiness planning)
      • Guided Academic Practice
      • Portable Assisted Study Sequence
      • Reading Resource
      • Club Success
    • Templeton Middle School
      • Advisement restructure that allows for the delivery of targeted interventions
      • Content Mastery
      • Study Center
      • Individual Student Achievement Plans
      • Success Club
    • Elementary schools
      • Intervention blocks
      • Writing support
      • Targeted individual and small group learning and practice sessions
  • Professional development opportunities for teaching staff focus on designing strategies and learning environments to meet the needs of all learners. Summaries of specific offerings are provided to the Board on a regular basis.

Personnel matters

In personnel business, the School Board:

  • accepted the resignations of Templeton associate kitchen employee Jennifer Bartelme, effective Nov. 7, Marcy literacy interventionist Amanda Lindstedt, effective Dec. 19, Woodside paraprofessional Beth Lueck, effective Nov. 15, Woodside paraprofessional Lisa Hauser, effective Nov. 18, Woodside paraprofessional Greg Winston, effective Nov. 18; and
  • appointed Jennifer Bartelme as a Templeton paraprofessional, effective Nov. 7, Crystal Mazur as a Maple Avenue special services paraprofessional, effective Nov. 11, Ryan Miller as Information Technology manager effective Nov. 25, Lisa Hauser as Lannon special education teacher, effective Nov. 25, Greg Winston as Woodside literacy interventionist, effective Nov. 19, Heidi Rakowski as Woodside paraprofessional, effective Nov. 25.
  • Added the equivalent of a full-time elementary school special education teaching position. At the beginning of the school year Lannon was allotted a total of 1.5 full-time equivalency (FTE) special education teaching positions and Marcy was allotted 2.5 FTEs based on special education enrollments. One of the teachers traveled between the two schools providing half-time service at each school. Since then more students with special needs were identified or moved into those schools. Lannon will hire another full-time special education teacher, and the teacher who traveled between the two schools will now work full-time at Marcy.

Open Enrollment recommendations for 2020-21

The district is unlikely to make new seats available for Open Enrollment students. Human Resources Director John Roubik reported that based on Open Enrollment policies regarding class size, enrollment projections and space calculations for the 2020-21 school year, no additional spaces will be available for Open Enrollment in the 2020-21 school year.

School Board election calendar released

The schedule for the 2020 spring election was released. Terms are up for School Board members Jay Jones, who holds the Lannon seat, and Michael Hyland, who is in the at-large seat.

The election schedule includes:

  • Jan. 7 – deadline for candidacy declaration and nominations papers;
  • Feb. 18 – primary election if needed;
  • April 7 – spring election; and
  • April 27 – taking of office.

Timeline established for 2020-21 budget

The School Board approved the district’s 2020-21 budget timeline that includes:

  • Dec. 4 – Employee forum to solicit input prior to development of the budget;
  • Feb. 7 – Administrators submit budgets;
  • March 16 and April 20 – Opportunity for community to provide input on the budget prior to School Board meetings;
  • May 18 – School Board approves final draft of the budget; and
  • July 20 – Annual meeting where citizens approve tax levy.

Athletic-activities report presented

Hamilton Athletic and Activities Director Michael Gosz presented the annual Co-Curricular Activities Report. He noted that 96 coaches and 82 activity advisors lead 69 interscholastic sports teams and 50 student activities. Some 42% of the coaches and 79% of the activity advisors are district faculty members.

In his report, Gosz recommended that the district:

  • work with the HABC to construct a new concession stand on Grove Field when fundraising efforts reach approximately $750,000;
  • replace the existing backstop on the baseball field and add additional netting;
  • explore adding synthetic turf to the baseball infield to prevent rain-outs now that baseball is a spring sport. Cost is expected to be about $220,000 based on a study that the Rettler Corporation conducted and presented at a School Board meeting last year; and
  • monitor athlete specialization and off-season programs as we are starting to see an overall decrease in participation in athletics and activities.